Class: RDF::N3::List

Inherits:
List show all
Includes:
Term
Defined in:
vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb

Overview

Sub-class of RDF::List which uses a native representation of values and allows recursive lists.

Also serves as the vocabulary URI for expanding other methods

Constant Summary collapse

URI =
RDF::URI("http://www.w3.org/2000/10/swap/list#")

Constants inherited from List

List::NIL

Instance Attribute Summary

Attributes inherited from List

#graph, #subject

Attributes included from Enumerable

#existentials, #universals

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Term

#<=>, #aggregate?, #as_datetime, #as_number, #compatible?, #escape, #ndvars, #optimize, #sameTerm?, #term?, #to_term

Methods included from SPARQL::Algebra::Expression

cast, #constant?, extension, extensions, for, #invalid?, new, #node?, open, #optimize, #optimize!, parse, register_extension, #validate!

Methods included from Value

#anonymous?, #canonicalize, #canonicalize!, #constant?, #formula?, #graph?, #inspect, #inspect!, #invalid?, #iri?, #list?, #literal?, #node?, #resource?, #start_with?, #statement?, #term?, #to_nquads, #to_ntriples, #to_rdf, #to_term, #type_error, #uri?, #validate!

Methods inherited from List

#&, #*, #+, #-, #<=>, [], #eighth, #fifth, #first_subject, #fourth, #inspect, #join, #last_subject, #list?, #ninth, #rest_subject, #reverse, #second, #seventh, #sixth, #slice, #sort, #sort_by, #tenth, #third, #to_s, #to_set, #to_sxp, #to_term, #uniq, #|

Methods included from Enumerable

add_entailment, #dump, #each_graph, #each_object, #each_predicate, #each_quad, #each_term, #each_triple, #entail, #enum_graph, #enum_object, #enum_predicate, #enum_quad, #enum_statement, #enum_subject, #enum_term, #enum_triple, #graph_names, #has_graph?, #has_object?, #has_predicate?, #has_quad?, #has_statement?, #has_subject?, #has_term?, #has_triple?, #invalid?, #method_missing, #objects, #predicates, #project_graph, #quads, #respond_to_missing?, #statements, #subjects, #supports?, #terms, #to_h, #to_set, #triples, #validate!

Methods included from Util::Aliasing::LateBound

#alias_method

Methods included from Countable

#count

Methods included from Isomorphic

#bijection_to, #isomorphic_with?

Constructor Details

#initialize(subject: nil, graph: nil, values: nil) {|list| ... } ⇒ List

Initializes a newly-constructed list.

Instantiates a new list based at subject, which must be an RDF::Node. List may be initialized using passed values.

If values is not provided, but subject and graph are, then will attempt to recursively represent lists.

Examples:

add constructed list to existing graph

l = RDF::N3::List(values: (1, 2, 3))
g = RDF::Graph.new << l
g.count # => l.count

Parameters:

  • subject (RDF::Resource) (defaults to: nil)

    (RDF.nil) Subject should be an RDF::Node, not a URI. A list with an IRI head will not validate, but is commonly used to detect if a list is valid.

  • graph (RDF::Graph) (defaults to: nil)

    (RDF::Graph.new)

  • values (Array<RDF::Term>) (defaults to: nil)

    Any values which are not terms are coerced to RDF::Literal.

Yields:

  • (list)

Yield Parameters:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 64

def initialize(subject: nil, graph: nil, values: nil, &block)
  @subject = subject || (Array(values).empty? ? RDF.nil : RDF::Node.new)
  @graph = graph
  @valid = true

  @values = case
  when values
    values.map do |v|
      # Convert values, as necessary.
      case v
      when RDF::Value then v.to_term
      when Symbol     then RDF::Node.intern(v)
      when Array      then RDF::N3::List.new(values: v)
      when nil        then RDF.nil
      else                 RDF::Literal.new(v)
      end
    end
  when subject && graph
    ln = RDF::List.new(subject: subject, graph: graph)
    @valid = ln.valid?
    ln.to_a.map {|li| self.class.try_list(li, graph)}
  else
    []
  end
end

Dynamic Method Handling

This class handles dynamic methods through the method_missing method in the class RDF::Enumerable

Class Method Details

.method_missing(property, *args, &block) ⇒ Object

Returns a vocubulary term



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 13

def self.method_missing(property, *args, &block)
  property = RDF::Vocabulary.camelize(property.to_s)
  if args.empty? && !to_s.empty?
    RDF::Vocabulary::Term.intern("#{URI}#{property}", attributes: {})
  else
    super
  end
end

.to_uriURI

Returns the base URI for this vocabulary.

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 26

def self.to_uri
  URI
end

.try_list(subject, graph) ⇒ RDF::List, RDF::Resource

Attempts to create an RDF::N3::List from subject, or returns the node as is, if unable.

Parameters:

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 35

def self.try_list(subject, graph)
  return subject unless subject && (subject.node? || subject.uri? && subject == RDF.nil)
  ln = RDF::List.new(subject: subject, graph: graph)
  return subject unless ln.valid?

  # Return a new list, outside of this queryable, with any embedded lists also expanded
  values = ln.to_a.map {|li| try_list(li, graph)}
  RDF::N3::List.new(subject: subject, graph: graph, values: values)
end

Instance Method Details

#<<(value) ⇒ RDF::List

Appends an element to the tail of this list.

Examples:

RDF::List[] << 1 << 2 << 3              #=> RDF::List[1, 2, 3]

Parameters:

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 240

def <<(value)
  value = normalize_value(value)
  @subject = nil
  @values << value
  self
end

#==(other) ⇒ Object

See Also:

  • Value#==


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 98

def ==(other)
  case other
  when Array, RDF::List then to_a == other.to_a
  else
    false
  end
end

#[]=(index, term) ⇒ RDF::Term #[]=(start, length, value) ⇒ RDF::Term, RDF::List #[]=(range, value) ⇒ RDF::Term, RDF::List

Element Assignment — Sets the element at index, or replaces a subarray from the start index for length elements, or replaces a subarray specified by the range of indices.

Overloads:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 141

def []=(*args)
  value = case args.last
  when Array then args.last
  when RDF::List then args.last.to_a
  else [args.last]
  end.map do |v|
    # Convert values, as necessary.
    case v
    when RDF::Value then v.to_term
    when Symbol     then RDF::Node.intern(v)
    when Array      then RDF::N3::List.new(values: v)
    when nil        then RDF.nil
    else                 RDF::Literal.new(v)
    end
  end

  ret = case args.length
  when 3
    start, length = args[0], args[1]
    @subject = nil if start == 0
    @values[start, length] = value
  when 2
    case args.first
    when Integer
      raise ArgumentError, "Index form of []= takes a single term" if args.last.is_a?(Array)
      @values[args.first] = value.first
    when Range
      @values[args.first] = value
    else
      raise ArgumentError, "Index form of must use an integer or range"
    end
  else
    raise ArgumentError, "List []= takes one or two index values"
  end

  # Fill any nil entries in @values with rdf:nil
  @values.map! {|v| v || RDF.nil}

  @subject = RDF.nil if @values.empty?
  @subject ||= RDF::Node.new
  ret # Returns inserted values
end

#at(index) ⇒ RDF::Term?

Returns the element at index.

Examples:

RDF::List[1, 2, 3].at(0)                #=> 1
RDF::List[1, 2, 3].at(4)                #=> nil

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 312

def at(index)
  @values.at(index)
end

#clearRDF::List

Empties this list

Examples:

RDF::List[1, 2, 2, 3].clear    #=> RDF::List[]

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 225

def clear
  @values.clear
  @subject = nil
  self
end

#each(&block) ⇒ Enumerator

Yields each element in this list.

Examples:

RDF::List[1, 2, 3].each do |value|
  puts value.inspect
end

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 371

def each(&block)
  return to_enum unless block_given?

  @values.each(&block)
end

#each_descendant {|term| ... } ⇒ Enumerator

Enumerate via depth-first recursive descent over list members, yielding each member

Yields:

  • term

Yield Parameters:

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 434

def each_descendant(&block)
  if block_given?
    each do |term|
      term.each_descendant(&block) if term.list?
      block.call(term)
    end
  end
  enum_for(:each_descendant)
end

#each_statement(&block) ⇒ Enumerator

Yields each statement constituting this list. Uses actual statements if a graph was set, otherwise, the saved values.

This will recursively get statements for sub-lists as well.

Examples:

RDF::List[1, 2, 3].each_statement do |statement|
  puts statement.inspect
end

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 389

def each_statement(&block)
  return enum_statement unless block_given?

  if graph
    RDF::List.new(subject: subject, graph: graph).each_statement(&block)
  elsif @values.length > 0
    # Create a subject for each entry based on the subject bnode
    subjects = (0..(@values.count-1)).map {|ndx| ndx > 0 ? RDF::Node.intern("#{subject.id}_#{ndx}") : subject}
    *values, last = @values
    while !values.empty?
      subj = subjects.shift
      value = values.shift
      block.call(RDF::Statement(subj, RDF.first, value.list? ? value.subject : value))
      block.call(RDF::Statement(subj, RDF.rest, subjects.first))
    end
    subj = subjects.shift
    block.call(RDF::Statement(subj, RDF.first, last.list? ? last.subject : last))
    block.call(RDF::Statement(subj, RDF.rest, RDF.nil))
  end

  # If a graph was used, also get statements from sub-lists
  @values.select(&:list?).each {|li| li.each_statement(&block)}
end

#each_subject(&block) ⇒ Enumerator

Yields each subject term constituting this list along with sub-lists.

Examples:

RDF::List[1, 2, 3].each_subject do |subject|
  puts subject.inspect
end

Returns:

See Also:

  • Enumerable#each


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 423

def each_subject(&block)
  return enum_subject unless block_given?

  each_statement {|st| block.call(st.subject) if st.predicate == RDF.rest}
end

#empty?Boolean

Returns true if this list is empty.

Examples:

RDF::List[].empty?                      #=> true
RDF::List[1, 2, 3].empty?               #=> false

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 256

def empty?
  @values.empty?
end

#eql?(other) ⇒ Boolean

Checks pattern equality against another list, considering nesting.

Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 485

def eql?(other)
  other = RDF::N3::List[*other] if other.is_a?(Array)
  return false if !other.is_a?(RDF::List) || count != other.count
  @values.each_with_index do |li, ndx|
    case li
    when RDF::Query::Pattern, RDF::N3::List
      return false unless li.eql?(other.at(ndx))
    else
      return false unless li == other.at(ndx)
    end
  end
  true
end

#evaluate(bindings, formulae: {}, **options) ⇒ RDF::N3::List

Evaluates the list using the given variable bindings.

Parameters:

Returns:

See Also:

  • SPARQL::Algebra::Expression.evaluate


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 559

def evaluate(bindings, formulae: {}, **options)
  # if values are constant, simply return ourselves
  return self if to_a.none? {|li| li.node? || li.variable?}
  bindings = bindings.to_h unless bindings.is_a?(Hash)
  # Create a new list subject using a combination of the current subject and a hash of the binding values
  subj = "#{subject.id}_#{bindings.values.sort.hash}"
  values = to_a.map do |o|
    o = o.evaluate(bindings, formulae: formulae, **options) || o
  end
  RDF::N3::List.new(subject: RDF::Node.intern(subj), values: values)
end

#fetch(*args, &block) ⇒ RDF::Term?

Returns element at index with default.

Examples:

RDF::List[1, 2, 3].fetch(0)             #=> RDF::Literal(1)
RDF::List[1, 2, 3].fetch(4)             #=> IndexError
RDF::List[1, 2, 3].fetch(4, nil)        #=> nil
RDF::List[1, 2, 3].fetch(4) { |n| n*n } #=> 16

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 299

def fetch(*args, &block)
  @values.fetch(*args, &block)
end

#firstRDF::Term

Returns the first element in this list.

Examples:

RDF::List[*(1..10)].first               #=> RDF::Literal(1)

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 323

def first
  @values.first
end

#has_nodes?Boolean

Does this list, or any recusive list have any blank node members?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 448

def has_nodes?
  @values.any? {|e| e.node? || e.list? && e.has_nodes?}
end

#hashObject

The list hash is the hash of it's members.

See Also:

  • Value#hash


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 110

def hash
  to_a.hash
end

#index(value) ⇒ Integer

Returns the index of the first element equal to value, or nil if no match was found.

Examples:

RDF::List['a', 'b', 'c'].index('a')     #=> 0
RDF::List['a', 'b', 'c'].index('d')     #=> nil

Parameters:

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 284

def index(value)
  @values.index(value)
end

#lastRDF::Term

Returns the last element in this list.

Examples:

RDF::List[*(1..10)].last                 #=> RDF::Literal(10)

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 335

def last
  @values.last
end

#lengthInteger

Returns the length of this list.

Examples:

RDF::List[].length                      #=> 0
RDF::List[1, 2, 3].length               #=> 3

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 269

def length
  @values.length
end

#restRDF::List

Returns a list containing all but the first element of this list.

Examples:

RDF::List[1, 2, 3].rest                 #=> RDF::List[2, 3]

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 346

def rest
  self.class.new(values: @values[1..-1])
end

#shiftRDF::Term

Removes and returns the element at the head of this list.

Examples:

RDF::List[1,2,3].shift              #=> 1

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 211

def shift
  return nil if empty?
  @subject = nil
  @values.shift
end

#solution(list) ⇒ RDF::Query::Solution

Returns a query solution constructed by binding any variables in this list with the corresponding terms in the given list.

Parameters:

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 578

def solution(list)
  RDF::Query::Solution.new do |solution|
    @values.each_with_index do |li, ndx|
      if li.respond_to?(:solution)
        solution.merge!(li.solution(list[ndx]))
      elsif li.is_a?(RDF::Query::Variable)
        solution[li.to_sym] = list[ndx]
      end
    end
  end
end

#tailRDF::List

Returns a list containing the last element of this list.

Examples:

RDF::List[1, 2, 3].tail                 #=> RDF::List[3]

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 357

def tail
  self.class.new(values: @values[-1..-1])
end

#to_aArray

Returns the elements in this list as an array.

Examples:

RDF::List[].to_a                        #=> []
RDF::List[1, 2, 3].to_a                 #=> [RDF::Literal(1), RDF::Literal(2), RDF::Literal(3)]

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 476

def to_a
  @values
end

#to_baseSring

Returns the base representation of this term.

Returns:

  • (Sring)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 594

def to_base
  "(#{@values.map(&:to_base).join(' ')})"
end

#to_ndvar(scope) ⇒ RDF::N3::List

Substitutes blank node members with existential variables, recusively.

Parameters:

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 457

def to_ndvar(scope)
  values = @values.map do |e|
    case e
    when RDF::Node     then e.to_ndvar(scope)
    when RDF::N3::List then e.to_ndvar(scope)
    else                    e
    end
  end
  RDF::N3::List.new(values: values)
end

#to_sxp_binArray

Transform Statement into an SXP

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 600

def to_sxp_bin
  to_a.to_sxp_bin
end

#transform(&block) ⇒ RDF::N3::list

Creates a new list by recusively mapping the values of the list

Returns:

  • (RDF::N3::list)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 608

def transform(&block)
  values = self.to_a.map {|v| v.list? ? v.map(&block) : block.call(v)}
  RDF::N3::List.new(values: values)
end

#unshift(value) ⇒ RDF::List

Appends an element to the head of this list. Existing references are not updated, as the list subject changes as a side-effect.

Examples:

RDF::List[].unshift(1).unshift(2).unshift(3) #=> RDF::List[3, 2, 1]

Parameters:

Returns:

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 195

def unshift(value)
  value = normalize_value(value)
  @values.unshift(value)
  @subject = nil

  return self
end

#valid?Boolean

Lists are valid, unless established via RDF::List, in which case they are only valid if the RDF::List is valid.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 94

def valid?; @valid; end

#var_values(var, list) ⇒ Array<RDF::Term>

Returns all values the list in the same pattern position

Parameters:

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 540

def var_values(var, list)
  results = []
  @values.each_index do |ndx|
    maybe_var = @values[ndx]
    next unless maybe_var.respond_to?(:var_values)
    results.push(*Array(maybe_var.var_values(var, list.at(ndx))))
  end
  results.flatten.compact
end

#variable?Boolean

A list is variable if any of its members are variable?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 503

def variable?
  @values.any?(&:variable?)
end

#variable_countInteger

Returns the number of variables in this list, recursively.

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 530

def variable_count
  variables.length
end

#variablesHash{Symbol => Variable}

Returns all variables in this list.

Note: this returns a hash containing distinct variables only.

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 520

def variables
  @values.inject({}) do |hash, li|
    li.respond_to?(:variables) ? hash.merge(li.variables) : hash
  end
end

#varsArray<RDF::Query::Variable>

Return the variables contained this list



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.7.0/bundler/gems/rdf-n3-8f30bf85f229/lib/rdf/n3/list.rb', line 510

def vars
  @values.vars
end