Class: RDF::Format Abstract

Inherits:
Object show all
Extended by:
Enumerable
Defined in:
vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb

Overview

This class is abstract.

The base class for RDF serialization formats.

Examples:

Loading an RDF serialization format implementation

require 'rdf/ntriples'

Iterating over known RDF serialization formats

RDF::Format.each { |klass| puts klass.name }

Getting a serialization format class

RDF::Format.for(:ntriples)     #=> RDF::NTriples::Format
RDF::Format.for("etc/doap.nt")
RDF::Format.for(file_name: "etc/doap.nt")
RDF::Format.for(file_extension: "nt")
RDF::Format.for(content_type: "application/n-triples")

Obtaining serialization format MIME types

RDF::Format.content_types      #=> {"application/n-triples" => [RDF::NTriples::Format]}

Obtaining serialization format file extension mappings

RDF::Format.file_extensions    #=> {nt: [RDF::NTriples::Format]}

Defining a new RDF serialization format class

class RDF::NTriples::Format < RDF::Format
  content_type     'application/n-triples', extension: :nt
  content_encoding 'utf-8'

  reader RDF::NTriples::Reader
  writer RDF::NTriples::Writer
end

Instantiating an RDF reader or writer class (1)

RDF::Format.for(:ntriples).reader.new($stdin)  { |reader| ... }
RDF::Format.for(:ntriples).writer.new($stdout) { |writer| ... }

Instantiating an RDF reader or writer class (2)

RDF::Reader.for(:ntriples).new($stdin)  { |reader| ... }
RDF::Writer.for(:ntriples).new($stdout) { |writer| ... }

See Also:

Class Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.accept_typeArray<String>

Returns an array of values appropriate for an Accept header. Same as self.content_type, if no parameter is given when defined.

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 508

def self.accept_type
  @@accept_types.map {|t, formats| t if formats.include?(self)}.compact
end

.accept_typesArray<String>

Returns the set of content types with quality for available RDF::Reader subclasses.

Examples:


accept_types = RDF::Format.accept_types
# => %w(text/html;q=0.5 text/turtle ...)

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 253

def self.accept_types
  reader_symbols.flat_map {|s| RDF::Format.for(s).accept_type}.uniq
end

.cli_commandsHash{Symbol => {description: String, lambda: Lambda(Array, Hash)}}

Hash of CLI commands appropriate for this format

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 412

def self.cli_commands
  {}
end

.content_encoding(encoding = nil) (protected)

This method returns an undefined value.

Defines the content encoding for this RDF serialization format.

When called without an encoding, it returns the currently defined content encoding for this format

Parameters:

  • encoding (#to_sym) (defaults to: nil)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 546

def self.content_encoding(encoding = nil)
  @@content_encoding[self] = encoding.to_sym if encoding
  @@content_encoding[self] || "utf-8"
end

.content_type(type, options) .content_typeArray<String>

Retrieves or defines MIME content types for this RDF serialization format.

Overloads:

  • .content_type(type, options)

    This method returns an undefined value.

    Retrieves or defines the MIME content type for this RDF serialization format.

    Optionally also defines alias MIME content types for this RDF serialization format.

    Optionally also defines a file extension, or a list of file extensions, that should be mapped to the given MIME type and handled by this class.

    Optionally, both type, alias, and aliases, may be parameterized for expressing quality.

    content_type "text/html;q=0.4"
    

    Parameters:

    Options Hash (options):

  • .content_typeArray<String>

    Retrieves the MIME content types for this RDF serialization format.

    The return is an array where the first element is the cannonical MIME type for the format and following elements are alias MIME types.

    Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 470

def self.content_type(type = nil, options = {})
  if type.nil?
    [@@content_type[self], @@content_types.map {
      |ct, cl| (cl.include?(self) && ct != @@content_type[self]) ?  ct : nil }].flatten.compact
  else
    accept_type, type = type, type.split(';').first
    @@content_type[self] = type
    @@content_types[type] ||= []
    @@content_types[type] << self unless @@content_types[type].include?(self)

    @@accept_types[accept_type] ||= []
    @@accept_types[accept_type] << self unless @@accept_types[accept_type].include?(self)

    if extensions = (options[:extension] || options[:extensions])
      extensions = Array(extensions).map(&:to_sym)
      extensions.each do |ext|
        @@file_extensions[ext] ||= []
        @@file_extensions[ext] << self unless @@file_extensions[ext].include?(self)
      end
    end
    if aliases = (options[:alias] || options[:aliases])
      aliases = Array(aliases).each do |a|
        aa = a.split(';').first
        @@accept_types[a] ||= []
        @@accept_types[a] << self unless @@accept_types[a].include?(self)

        @@content_types[aa] ||= []
        @@content_types[aa] << self unless @@content_types[aa].include?(self)
      end
    end
  end
end

.content_typesHash{String => Array<Class>}

Returns MIME content types for known RDF serialization formats.

Examples:

retrieving a list of supported Mime types


RDF::Format.content_types.keys

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 202

def self.content_types
  @@content_types
end

.detect(sample) ⇒ Boolean

Use a text sample to detect the format of an input file. Sub-classes implement a matcher sufficient to detect probably format matches, including disambiguating between other similar formats.

Used to determine format class from loaded formats by for when a match cannot be unambigiously found otherwise.

Examples:

RDF::NTriples::Format.detect("<a> <b> <c> .") #=> true

Parameters:

  • sample (String)

    Beginning several bytes (~ 1K) of input.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 429

def self.detect(sample)
  false
end

.each(file_name: nil, file_extension: nil, content_type: nil, has_reader: false, has_writer: false, sample: nil, all_if_none: true, **options) {|klass| ... } ⇒ Enumerator

Enumerates known RDF serialization format classes.

Given options from for, it returns just those formats that match the specified criteria.

Examples:

finding all formats that have a writer supporting text/html

RDF::Format.each(content_type: 'text/html', has_writer: true).to_a
  #=> RDF::RDFa::Format

Parameters:

  • file_name (String, #to_s)

    (nil)

  • file_extension (Symbol, #to_sym)

    (nil)

  • content_type (String, #to_s)

    (nil) Content type may include wildcard characters, which will select among matching formats. Note that content_type will be taken from a URL opened using Util::File.open_file.

  • has_reader (Boolean)

    (false) Only return a format having a reader.

  • has_writer (Boolean)

    (false) Only return a format having a writer.

  • sample (String, Proc)

    (nil) A sample of input used for performing format detection. If we find no formats, or we find more than one, and we have a sample, we can perform format detection to find a specific format to use, in which case we pick the last one we find

  • all_if_none (Boolean)

    (true) Returns all formats if none match, otherwise no format. Note that having a sample overrides this, and will search through all formats, or all those filtered to find a sample that matches

Yields:

  • (klass)

Yield Parameters:

  • (Class)

Returns:

  • (Enumerator)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 73

def self.each(file_name: nil,
              file_extension: nil,
              content_type: nil,
              has_reader: false,
              has_writer: false,
              sample: nil,
              all_if_none: true,
              **options,
              &block)
  formats = case
  # Find a format based on the MIME content type:
  when content_type
    # @see http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec14.html#sec14.17
    # @see http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec3.html#sec3.7
    mime_type = content_type.to_s.split(';').first # remove any media type parameters

    # Ignore text/plain, a historical encoding for N-Triples, which is
    # problematic in format detection, as many web servers will serve
    # content by default text/plain.
    if (mime_type == 'text/plain' && sample) || mime_type == '*/*'
      # All content types
      @@subclasses
    elsif mime_type.end_with?('/*')
      # All content types that have the first part of the mime-type as a prefix
      prefix = mime_type[0..-3]
      content_types.map do |ct, fmts|
        ct.start_with?(prefix) ? fmts : []
      end.flatten.uniq
    else
      content_types[mime_type]
    end
  # Find a format based on the file name:
  when file_name
    ext = File.extname(RDF::URI(file_name).path.to_s)[1..-1].to_s
    file_extensions[ext.to_sym]
  # Find a format based on the file extension:
  when file_extension
    file_extensions[file_extension.to_sym]
  else
    all_if_none ? @@subclasses : nil
  end || (sample ? @@subclasses : []) # If we can sample, check all classes

  # Subset by available reader or writer
  formats = formats.select do |f|
    has_reader ? f.reader : (has_writer ? f.writer : true)
  end

  # If we have multiple formats and a sample, use that for format detection
  if formats.length != 1 && sample
    sample = case sample
    when Proc then sample.call.to_s
    else sample.dup.to_s
    end.force_encoding(Encoding::ASCII_8BIT)
    # Given a sample, perform format detection across the appropriate formats, choosing the last that matches
    # Return last format that has a positive detection
    formats = formats.select {|f| f.detect(sample)}
  end
  formats.each(&block)
end

.file_extensionArray<String>

Retrieves or defines file extensions for this RDF serialization format.

The return is an array where the first element is the cannonical file extension for the format and following elements are alias file extensions.

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 519

def self.file_extension
  @@file_extensions.map {|ext, formats| ext if formats.include?(self)}.compact
end

.file_extensionsHash{Symbol => Array<Class>}

Returns file extensions for known RDF serialization formats.

Examples:

retrieving a list of supported file extensions


RDF::Format.file_extensions.keys

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 214

def self.file_extensions
  @@file_extensions
end

.for(format) ⇒ Class .for(filename) ⇒ Class .for(**options) ⇒ Class

Finds an RDF serialization format class based on the given criteria. If multiple formats are identified, the last one found is returned; this allows descrimination of equivalent formats based on load order.

Overloads:

  • .for(format) ⇒ Class

    Finds an RDF serialization format class based on a symbolic name.

    Parameters:

    Returns:

    • (Class)
  • .for(filename) ⇒ Class

    Finds an RDF serialization format class based on a file name.

    Parameters:

    Returns:

    • (Class)
  • .for(**options) ⇒ Class

    Finds an RDF serialization format class based on various options.

    Content type may include wildcard characters, which will select among matching formats. Note that content_type will be taken from a URL opened using Util::File.open_file.

    Parameters:

    Options Hash (**options):

    • :file_name (String, #to_s) — default: nil
    • :file_extension (Symbol, #to_sym) — default: nil
    • :content_type (String, #to_s) — default: nil
    • :has_reader (Boolean) — default: false

      Only return a format having a reader.

    • :has_writer (Boolean) — default: false

      Only return a format having a writer.

    • :sample (String) — default: nil

      A sample of input used for performing format detection. If we find no formats, or we find more than one, and we have a sample, we can perform format detection to find a specific format to use, in which case we pick the last one we find

    Yield Returns:

    • (String)

      another way to provide a sample, allows lazy for retrieving the sample.

    Returns:

    • (Class)

Returns:

  • (Class)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 167

def self.for(*args, **options, &block)
  options = {sample: block}.merge(options) if block_given?
  formats = case args.first
  when String, RDF::URI
    # Find a format based on the file name
    self.each(file_name: args.first, **options).to_a
  when Symbol
    # Try to find a match based on the full class name
    # We want this to work even if autoloading fails
    fmt = args.first
    classes = self.each(options).select {|f| f.symbols.include?(fmt)}
    if classes.empty?
      classes = case fmt
      when :ntriples then [RDF::NTriples::Format]
      when :nquads   then [RDF::NQuads::Format]
      else                []
      end
    end
    classes
  else
    self.each(options.merge(all_if_none: false)).to_a
  end

  # Return the last detected format
  formats.last
end

.nameSymbol

Returns a human-readable name for the format. Subclasses should override this to use something difererent than the Class name.

Examples:


RDF::NTriples::Format.name => "N-Triples"

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 316

def self.name
  elements = self.to_s.split("::")
  name = elements.pop
  name = elements.pop if name == 'Format'
  name.to_s
end

.reader(klass) .reader { ... } .readerClass Also known as: reader_class

This method returns an undefined value.

Retrieves or defines the reader class for this RDF serialization format.

Overloads:

  • .reader(klass)

    This method returns an undefined value.

    Defines the reader class for this RDF serialization format.

    The class should be a subclass of Reader, or implement the same interface.

    Parameters:

    • klass (Class)
  • .reader { ... }

    This method returns an undefined value.

    Defines the reader class for this RDF serialization format.

    The block should return a subclass of Reader, or a class that implements the same interface. The block won't be invoked until the reader class is first needed.

    Yields:

    Yield Returns:

    • (Class)

      klass

  • .readerClass

    Retrieves the reader class for this RDF serialization format.

    Returns:

    • (Class)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 353

def self.reader(klass = nil, &block)
  case
    when klass
      @@readers[self] = klass
    when block_given?
      @@readers[self] = block
    else
      klass = @@readers[self]
      klass = @@readers[self] = klass.call if klass.is_a?(Proc)
      klass
  end
end

.reader_symbolsArray<Symbol>

Returns the set of format symbols for available RDF::Reader subclasses.

Examples:


symbols = RDF::Format.reader_symbols
format = RDF::Format.for(symbols.first)

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 227

def self.reader_symbols
  @@readers.keys.map(&:symbols).flatten.uniq
end

.reader_typesArray<String>

Returns the set of content types for available RDF::Reader subclasses.

Examples:


content_types = RDF::Format.reader_types
format = RDF::Format.for(content_type: content_types.first)

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 240

def self.reader_types
  reader_symbols.flat_map {|s| RDF::Format.for(s).content_type}.uniq
end

.require(library) (protected)

This method returns an undefined value.

Defines a required Ruby library for this RDF serialization format.

The given library will be required lazily, i.e. only when it is actually first needed, such as when instantiating a reader or parser instance for this format.

Parameters:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 534

def self.require(library)
  (@@requires[self] ||= []) << library.to_s
end

.symbolsArray<Symbol>

Note:

Individual formats can override this to provide an array of symbols; otherwise, it uses self.to_sym

Returns the set of symbols for a writer appropriate for use with with RDF::Format.for()

Returns:

See Also:

Since:

  • 2.0



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 302

def self.symbols
  [self.to_sym]
end

.to_symSymbol

Note:

Defaults to the last element of the class name before Format downcased and made a symbol. Individual formats can override this.

Returns a symbol appropriate to use with RDF::Format.for()

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 288

def self.to_sym
  elements = self.to_s.split("::")
  sym = elements.pop
  sym = elements.pop if sym == 'Format'
  sym.downcase.to_s.to_sym if sym.is_a?(String)
end

.writer(klass) .writer { ... } .writerClass Also known as: writer_class

This method returns an undefined value.

Retrieves or defines the writer class for this RDF serialization format.

Overloads:

  • .writer(klass)

    This method returns an undefined value.

    Defines the writer class for this RDF serialization format.

    The class should be a subclass of Writer, or implement the same interface.

    Parameters:

    • klass (Class)
  • .writer { ... }

    This method returns an undefined value.

    Defines the writer class for this RDF serialization format.

    The block should return a subclass of Writer, or a class that implements the same interface. The block won't be invoked until the writer class is first needed.

    Yields:

    Yield Returns:

    • (Class)

      klass

  • .writerClass

    Retrieves the writer class for this RDF serialization format.

    Returns:

    • (Class)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 396

def self.writer(klass = nil, &block)
  case
    when klass
      @@writers[self] = klass
    when block_given?
      @@writers[self] = block
    else
      klass = @@writers[self]
      klass = @@writers[self] = klass.call if klass.is_a?(Proc)
      klass
  end
end

.writer_symbolsArray<Symbol>

Returns the set of format symbols for available RDF::Writer subclasses.

Examples:


symbols = RDF::Format.writer_symbols
format = RDF::Format.for(symbols.first)

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 266

def self.writer_symbols
  @@writers.keys.map(&:symbols).flatten.uniq
end

.writer_typesArray<String>

Returns the set of content types for available RDF::Writer subclasses.

Examples:


content_types = RDF::Format.writer_types
format = RDF::Format.for(content_type: content_types.first)

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.5.0/bundler/gems/rdf-1b20f426c35b/lib/rdf/format.rb', line 279

def self.writer_types
  writer_symbols.flat_map {|s| RDF::Format.for(s).content_type}.uniq
end