Class: JSON::LD::Writer

Inherits:
RDF::Writer show all
Includes:
StreamingWriter, Utils, RDF::Util::Logger
Defined in:
vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb

Overview

A JSON-LD parser in Ruby.

Note that the natural interface is to write a whole graph at a time. Writing statements or Triples will create a graph to add them to and then serialize the graph.

The writer will add prefix definitions, and use them for creating @context definitions, and minting CURIEs

Select the :expand option to output JSON-LD in expanded form

Examples:

Obtaining a JSON-LD writer class

RDF::Writer.for(:jsonld)         #=> JSON::LD::Writer
RDF::Writer.for("etc/test.json")
RDF::Writer.for(:file_name      => "etc/test.json")
RDF::Writer.for(file_extension: "json")
RDF::Writer.for(:content_type   => "application/turtle")

Serializing RDF graph into an JSON-LD file

JSON::LD::Writer.open("etc/test.json") do |writer|
  writer << graph
end

Serializing RDF statements into an JSON-LD file

JSON::LD::Writer.open("etc/test.json") do |writer|
  graph.each_statement do |statement|
    writer << statement
  end
end

Serializing RDF statements into an JSON-LD string

JSON::LD::Writer.buffer do |writer|
  graph.each_statement do |statement|
    writer << statement
  end
end

Creating @@context prefix definitions in output

JSON::LD::Writer.buffer(
  prefixes: {
    nil => "http://example.com/ns#",
    foaf: "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"}
) do |writer|
  graph.each_statement do |statement|
    writer << statement
  end
end

See Also:

Author:

Constant Summary

Constants included from RDF::Util::Logger

RDF::Util::Logger::IOWrapper

Class Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Attributes inherited from RDF::Writer

#options

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from RDF::Util::Logger

#log_debug, #log_depth, #log_error, #log_fatal, #log_info, #log_recover, #log_recovering?, #log_statistics, #log_warn, #logger

Methods included from Utils

#add_value, #as_array, #as_resource, #blank_node?, #compare_values, #graph?, #has_property, #has_value, #index?, #list?, #node?, #node_or_ref?, #node_reference?, #simple_graph?, #value?

Methods included from StreamingWriter

#stream_epilogue, #stream_prologue, #stream_statement

Methods inherited from RDF::Writer

#base_uri, buffer, #canonicalize?, dump, each, #encoding, #escaped, #flush, for, format, #format_list, #format_literal, #format_node, #format_term, #format_uri, #node_id, open, #prefix, #prefixes, #prefixes=, #puts, #quoted, #to_sym, to_sym, #uri_for, #validate?, #write_comment, #write_statement, #write_triples

Methods included from RDF::Util::Aliasing::LateBound

#alias_method

Methods included from RDF::Writable

#<<, #insert, #insert_graph, #insert_reader, #insert_statement, #insert_statements, #writable?

Constructor Details

#initialize(output = $stdout, **options) {|writer| ... } ⇒ Writer

Initializes the RDF-LD writer instance.

Parameters:

  • output (IO, File) (defaults to: $stdout)

    the output stream

  • options (Hash{Symbol => Object})

    any additional options

Options Hash (**options):

  • :encoding (Encoding) — default: Encoding::UTF_8

    the encoding to use on the output stream (Ruby 1.9+)

  • :canonicalize (Boolean) — default: false

    whether to canonicalize literals when serializing

  • :prefixes (Hash) — default: {}

    the prefix mappings to use (not supported by all writers)

  • :standard_prefixes (Boolean) — default: false

    Add standard prefixes to @prefixes, if necessary.

  • :context (IO, Array, Hash, String, Context) — default: {}

    context to use when serializing. Constructed context for native serialization.

  • :frame (IO, Array, Hash, String, Context) — default: {}

    frame to use when serializing.

  • :unique_bnodes (Boolean) — default: false

    Use unique bnode identifiers, defaults to using the identifier which the node was originall initialized with (if any).

  • :stream (Boolean) — default: false

    Do not attempt to optimize graph presentation, suitable for streaming large graphs.

Yields:

  • (writer)

    self

  • (writer)

Yield Parameters:

Yield Returns:

  • (void)


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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 213

def initialize(output = $stdout, **options, &block)
  options[:base_uri] ||= options[:base] if options.has_key?(:base)
  options[:base] ||= options[:base_uri] if options.has_key?(:base_uri)
  super do
    @repo = RDF::Repository.new

    if block_given?
      case block.arity
        when 0 then instance_eval(&block)
        else block.call(self)
      end
    end
  end
end

Class Attribute Details

.black_listObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute black_list



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 152

def black_list
  @black_list
end

.white_listObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute white_list



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 151

def white_list
  @white_list
end

Instance Attribute Details

#contextContext (readonly)

Returns context used to load and administer contexts

Returns:

  • (Context)

    context used to load and administer contexts



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 70

def context
  @context
end

#graphRDF::Graph (readonly)

Returns Graph of statements serialized

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 66

def graph
  @graph
end

Class Method Details

.accept?(accept_params) {|accept_params| ... } ⇒ Boolean

Use parameters from accept-params to determine if the parameters are acceptable to invoke this writer. The accept_params will subsequently be provided to the writer instance.

Parameters:

Yields:

  • (accept_params)

    if a block is given, returns the result of evaluating that block

Yield Parameters:

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 162

def accept?(accept_params)
  # Profiles that aren't specific IANA relations represent the URL
  # of a context or frame that may be subject to black- or white-listing
  profile = accept_params[:profile].to_s.split(/\s+/)

  if block_given?
    yield(accept_params)
  else
    true
  end
end

.default_contextString

Returns default context used for compacted profile without an explicit context URL

Returns:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 177

def default_context; @default_context || JSON::LD::DEFAULT_CONTEXT; end

.default_context=(url) ⇒ Object

Sets default context used for compacted profile without an explicit context URL



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 182

def default_context=(url); @default_context = url; end

.optionsObject

JSON-LD Writer options



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 75

def self.options
  super + [
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :compactArrays,
      datatype: TrueClass,
      default: true,
      control: :checkbox,
      on: ["--[no-]compact-arrays"],
      description: "Replaces arrays with just one element with that element during compaction. Default is `true` use --no-compact-arrays to disable.") {|arg| arg},
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :compactToRelative,
      datatype: TrueClass,
      default: true,
      control: :checkbox,
      on: ["--[no-]compact-to-relative"],
      description: "Creates document relative IRIs when compacting, if `true`, otherwise leaves expanded. Default is `true` use --no-compact-to-relative to disable.") {|arg| arg},
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :context,
      datatype: RDF::URI,
      control: :url2,
      on: ["--context CONTEXT"],
      description: "Context to use when compacting.") {|arg| RDF::URI(arg)},
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :embed,
      datatype: %w(@always @first @last @never),
      default: '@first',
      control: :select,
      on: ["--embed EMBED"],
      description: "How to embed matched objects (@first).") {|arg| RDF::URI(arg)},
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :explicit,
      datatype: TrueClass,
      control: :checkbox,
      on: ["--[no-]explicit"],
      description: "Only include explicitly declared properties in output (false)") {|arg| arg},
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :omitDefault,
      datatype: TrueClass,
      control: :checkbox,
      on: ["--[no-]omitDefault"],
      description: "Omit missing properties from output (false)") {|arg| arg},
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :ordered,
      datatype: TrueClass,
      control: :checkbox,
      on: ["--[no-]ordered"],
      description: "Order object member processing lexographically.") {|arg| arg},
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :processingMode,
      datatype: %w(json-ld-1.0 json-ld-1.1),
      control: :radio,
      on: ["--processingMode MODE", %w(json-ld-1.0 json-ld-1.1)],
      description: "Set Processing Mode (json-ld-1.0 or json-ld-1.1)"),
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :requireAll,
      datatype: TrueClass,
      default: true,
      control: :checkbox,
      on: ["--[no-]requireAll"],
      description: "Require all properties to match (true). Default is `true` use --no-compact-to-relative to disable.") {|arg| arg},
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :stream,
      datatype: TrueClass,
      control: :checkbox,
      on: ["--[no-]stream"],
      description: "Do not attempt to optimize graph presentation, suitable for streaming large graphs.") {|arg| arg},
    RDF::CLI::Option.new(
      symbol: :useRdfType,
      datatype: TrueClass,
      control: :checkbox,
      on: ["--[no-]use-rdf-type"],
      description: "Treat `rdf:type` like a normal property instead of using `@type`.") {|arg| arg},
  ]
end

Instance Method Details

#write_epilogue

This method returns an undefined value.

Outputs the Serialized JSON-LD representation of all stored statements.

If provided a context or prefixes, we'll create a context and use it to compact the output. Otherwise, we return un-compacted JSON-LD

See Also:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 271

def write_epilogue
  if @options[:stream]
    stream_epilogue
  else

    log_debug("writer") { "serialize #{@repo.count} statements, #{@options.inspect}"}
    result = API.fromRdf(@repo, @options)

    # Some options may be indicated from accept parameters
    profile = @options.fetch(:accept_params, {}).fetch(:profile, "").split(' ')
    links = LinkHeader.parse(@options[:link])
    @options[:context] ||= links.find_link(['rel', JSON_LD_NS+"context"]).href rescue nil
    @options[:context] ||= Writer.default_context if profile.include?(JSON_LD_NS+"compacted")
    @options[:frame] ||= links.find_link(['rel', JSON_LD_NS+"frame"]).href rescue nil

    # If we were provided a context, or prefixes, use them to compact the output
    context = @options[:context]
    context ||= if @options[:prefixes] || @options[:language] || @options[:standard_prefixes]
      ctx = Context.new(@options)
      ctx.language = @options[:language] if @options[:language]
      @options[:prefixes].each do |prefix, iri|
        ctx.set_mapping(prefix, iri) if prefix && iri
      end if @options[:prefixes]
      ctx
    end

    # Rename BNodes to uniquify them, if necessary
    if options[:unique_bnodes]
      result = API.flatten(result, context, @options)
    end

    if frame = @options[:frame]
      # Perform framing, if given a frame
      log_debug("writer") { "frame result"}
      result = API.frame(result, frame, @options)
    elsif context
      # Perform compaction, if we have a context
      log_debug("writer") { "compact result"}
      result = API.compact(result, context,  @options)
    end

    @output.write(result.to_json(JSON_STATE))
  end

  super
end

#write_prologue

This method returns an undefined value.

Necessary for streaming



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 258

def write_prologue
  stream_prologue if @options[:stream]
  super
end

#write_quad(subject, predicate, object, graph_name)

This method returns an undefined value.

Outputs the N-Quads representation of a statement.

Parameters:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 246

def write_quad(subject, predicate, object, graph_name)
  statement = RDF::Statement.new(subject, predicate, object, graph_name: graph_name)
  if @options[:stream]
    stream_statement(statement)
  else
    @repo.insert(statement)
  end
end

#write_triple(subject, predicate, object)

This method is abstract.

This method returns an undefined value.

Addes a triple to be serialized

Parameters:



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# File 'vendor/bundler/ruby/2.6.0/bundler/gems/json-ld-94ee7791d19f/lib/json/ld/writer.rb', line 235

def write_triple(subject, predicate, object)
  write_quad(subject, predicate, object, nil)
end